Department: Clinical Science and Services
Research Groups: Animal Welfare Science and Ethics, Brain Health and Behaviour
Rowena is currently the Lecturer in Companion Animal Behaviour and Welfare Science and a BBSRC Research Fellow at RVC. Her main research interest is the impact of health on behaviour, cognition and welfare, with a focus on chronic inherited diseases in the dog.
Rowena joined the Royal Veterinary College as a PhD student (2009-2013). She has since been a Postdoctoral Researcher (2013-2016), BBSRC Future Leader Fellowship (2017-2020), and she is currently the Lecturer in Companion Animal Behaviour and Welfare Science (2020-).
Rowena's background is in animal behaviour and welfare, having graduated from the University of Bristol in 2009 with a BSc (Hons) in Animal Behaviour and Welfare (1st Class; awarded the UFAW Dissertation Award for highest mark in final year project, and the University of Bristol Undergraduate Scholarship for highest aggregate exam marks).
In 2016, she was awarded the UFAW Young Animal Welfare Scientist of the Year award.
Rowena's broad research interest is canine health and welfare, focusing on chronic diseases (particularly inherited disorders) and how we can improve their diagnosis, treatment and ultimately, prevention.
Canine brain health and behaviour
Rowena is interested in how the canine brain expresses pathology and is particularly interested in the interplay between neurological disorders and behaviour/cognition. Rowena leads RVC's canine epilepsy research team and supervises a number of undergraduate and postgraduate students in this area. In her role as a BBSRC Future Leader Research Fellow (2017-2021) Rowena explored differences in the behaviour, cognition, neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of dogs with epilepsy compared to healthy controls. Her work in this area uses a combination of behavioural and cognitive assays, quantitative EEG and MRI techniques. Her collaborators for this work include Dr Fiona James, University of Guelph, Prof Lucy Asher, Newcastle University, and Prof Holger Volk, Hannover. She is interested in using technology to better diagnose and manage canine epilepsy. To this end she co-developed RVC's Pet Epilepsy Tracker, and is working with PhD student Dr Sarah Finnegan and Prof Lucy Asher to develop IMU technology to predict and detect seizures. Rowena's current postgraduate students in this area include:
- Miss Sarah Hobbs PhD 2020-2023: Investigating behavioural interventions as management tools for canine epilepsy (co-supervised by Dr Emily Blackwell, University of Bristol)
- Dr Sarah Finnegan: PhD 2017-2021: Investigating the potential of non-invasive seizure forecasting in canine epilepsy (co-supervised by Prof Lucy Asher, Dr Monica Daley, Prof Holger Volk)
- Dr Amy Pergande: MRes 2018-2020: Owner decision-making in the treatment and management of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (co-supervised with Dr Zoe Belshaw and Prof Holger Volk)
Breed health and conformation related disease
Rowena is interested in the impact of breeding on the welfare of dogs, with a strong focus on conformation-related diseases. She is co-leader of RVC's Brachycephalic Research Team, and collaborates with a number of clinical colleagues on topics including Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome, spinal disease and ophthalmological disorders. Her PhD in this area focused on defining safe conformational limits for dogs, and has gone on to influence international legislation in this area. She regularly collaborates with the VetCompass team on breed and brachycephaly-related disorders and with VetCompass colleague Dr Dan O'Neill recently co-edited the first text book on this topic (Health and Welfare of Brachycephalic (Flat-faced) Companion Animals: A Complete Guide for Veterinary and Animal Professionals). She is a founding member of the UK Brachycephalic Working group and involved in a range of impact, policy and campaigning activities in this area.
Ownership of chronically ill companion animals
Rowena is interested in the ownership of animals with chronic disorders. Her work in this area has used a mixed methods approach to explore topics including owner decision-making in managing a dog with chronic disease and the impact of owning a chronically ill animal on owner wellbeing and lifestyle, in collaboration with Dr Zoe Belshaw. They are developing a general tool to measure the impact of a pet's poor health on owner wellbeing to capture the 'dark side' of the pet effect.
Rowena is interested in how and why people acquire dogs, and what factors infleunce breed and breeder choice. This research theme has focused on the recent phenomena:
Peer-Reviewed Publications (Google Scholar)
 PEGRAM C; GRAY C; PACKER RMA; RICHARDS Y; CHURCH DB; BRODBELT DC; ONEILL DG (In Press) Euthanasia in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK: frequency and risk factors. Scientific Reports.
 JONES GMC; VOLK HA; PACKER RMA (In Press) Future research priorities for canine idiopathic epilepsy: viewpoints of owners, general practice veterinarians and neurology specialists. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine.
 WATSON F; COPPI AA; VOLK HA; PACKER RMA; TAURO A; RUSBRIDGE (In Press) Comparison of volume of the forebrain, subarachnoid space and lateral ventricles between dogs with Idiopathic Epilepsy and Controls using a stereological approach: Cavalieri’s principle. Canine Medicine and Genetics.
 BERK BK; PACKER RMA; LAW TH; WESSMANN A; BATHEN-NOTHEN A; JOKINEN TS; KNEBEL A; TIPOLD A; PELLIDAND L; VOLK HA (2021) Medium-chain triglycerides dietary supplement improves cognitive abilities in canine epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior. 114, 107608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107608
 BOOTH S; MELLER S; PACKER RMA; FARQUAR R; MADDISON K; VOLK HA (2021) Owner Compliance in Canine Epilepsy. Veterinary Record. 118, 4. 262-269. https://doi.org/10.1002/vetr.16
 PERGANDE A; BELSHAW Z; VOLK HA; PACKER RMA (2020) “We have a ticking time bomb”: A qualitative exploration of the impact of canine epilepsy on dog owners living in England. 16, 443. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02669-w
 HOBBS SL; LAW TH; VOLK HA; YOUNIS C; CASEY RA; PACKER RMA (2020) Impact of canine epilepsy on judgement and attention biases. Scientific Reports. 10, 17719. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74777-4
 O'NEILL D; PEGRAM C; CROCKER P; BRODBELT D; CHURCH D; PACKER RMA (2020) Unravelling the health status of brachycephalic dogs in the UK using multivariable analysis. Scientific Reports 10, 17251. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73088-y
 PACKER RMA; O'NEILL DG; FLETCHER F; FARNWORTH M (2020) Come for the looks, stay for the personality? A mixed methods investigation of reacquisition and owner recommendation of Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Pugs. PLOS ONE 15(8): e0237276. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237276
 GRAPES N; PACKER RMA; DE DECKER S (2020) Clinical reasoning in canine cervical hyperaesthesia: which presenting features are important?. Veterinary Record. doi: 10.1136/vr.105818
 FINNEGAN SL; VOLK HA; ASHER L; DALEY M; PACKER RMA (2020) Investigating the potential for seizure prediction in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy: owner-reported prodromal changes and seizure triggers. Veterinary Record. doi: 10.1136/vr.105307
 BERK BA; LAW TH; PACKER RMA; WESSMANN A; JOKINEN T; KNEBEL A; TIPOLD A; PELLIGAND L; MEADS Z; VOLK HA (2020) A multicenter randomised controlled trial of a medium-chain triglycerides dietary supplement to improve management of canine epilepsy. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 34 (3) 1248-1259 doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15756
 O'NEILL DG; PACKER RMA, LOBB M; CHURCH DB; BRODBELT DC; PEGRAM C (2020) Demography and commonly recorded clinical conditions of Chihuahuas under primary veterinary care in the UK in 2016. BMC Veterinary Research 16 (1), 42
 WATSON F; PACKER RMA; RUSBRIDGE C; VOLK HA (2019) Behavioural changes in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Veterinary Record 186, 93.
 PACKER RMA; O’NEILL DG; FLETCHER F; FARNWORTH MJ (2019) Great expectations, inconvenient truths, and the paradoxes of the dog-owner relationship for owners of brachycephalic dogs. PLoS ONE. 14 (7) : e0219918
 PLITMAN L; CERNÁ P; FARNWORTH MJ; PACKER RMA; GUNN-MOORE DA (2019) Motivation of owners to purchase pedigree cats, with specific focus on the acquisition of brachycephalic cats. Animals 9 (7), 394
 DE DECKER, S; PACKER, RMA; CAPELLO, R; HARCOURT-BROWN, T; ROHDIN, C; GOMES, SA; BERGKNUT, N; SHAW, T; LOWRIE, M; GUTIERREZ-QUINTANA, R (2019) Comparison of signalment and computed tomography in French bulldogs, pugs and English bulldogs with and without clinical signs associated with thoracic hemivertebrae. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 33 (5), 2151-2159
 O’NEILL DG; SKIPPER AM; KADHIM J; CHURCH DB; BRODBELT DC; PACKER RMA (2019) Demography and disorders of Bulldogs under primary veterinary care in the UK in 2013. PLoS ONE 14 (6) e0217928
 BERK BA; PACKER RMA; LAW TL; WESSMANN A; BATHEN-NOTHEN A; JOKINEN TS; KNEBEL A; TIPOLD A; PELLIGAND L; VOLK HA (2019) A double-blinded randomised dietary supplement crossover trial design to investigate the short-term influence of medium chain fatty acid (MCT) supplement on canine idiopathic epilepsy. BMC Veterinary Research 15 (1). DOI: 10.1186/s12917-019-1915-8
 PACKER RMA; DAVIES AM; VOLK HA; PUCKETT HL; HOBBS SL; FOWKES RC (2019) What can we learn from the hair of the dog? Complex effects of endogenous and exogenous stressors on canine hair cortisol. PLoS ONE 14 (5): e0216000. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216000
 PACKER RMA; HOBBS SL; BLACKWELL EJ (2019) Behavioural interventions as an adjunctive treatment for canine epilepsy: a missing part of the epilepsy management toolkit? Frontiers in Veterinary Science. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00003
 WYATT S; LAFUENTE P; TER HAAR G; PACKER RMA; SMITH H; DE DECKER S (2018) Gait analysis in French bulldogs with and without vertebral kyphosis. The Veterinary Journal. DOI: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.12.008
 BRISTOW P; TIVERS MS; A KUMMELING; PACKER RMA; GERRITS H; HOMAN K; ORTIZ V; NEWSON K; LIPSCOMB V (2018) Health Related Quality of Life following Surgical Attenuation of Congenital Portosystemic Shunts versus Healthy Controls. Journal of Small Animal Practice.DOI: 10.1111/jsap.12927
 BERK BA; PACKER RMA; LAW TH; VOLK HA (2018) Investigating owner use of dietary supplements in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Research in Veterinary Science 119; 276-284
 WATSON F; RUSBRIDGE C; PACKER RMA; CASEY RA; HEATH S; VOLK HA (2018) A Review of Treatment Options for Behavioural Manifestations of Clinical Anxiety as a Comorbidity in Dogs with Idiopathic Epilepsy. The Veterinary Journal 238, 1-9
 WINTER J; PACKER RMA; VOLK HA (2018) A preliminary assessment of cognitive impairments in canine idiopathic epilepsy. Veterinary Record 182, 633
 O'NEILL DG; BARAL L; CHURCH DB; BRODBELT DC; PACKER RMA (2018) French Bulldogs under primary veterinary care in the UK: Demography and disorders. Canine Genetics and Epidemiology 3(5): 3
 FARNWORTH MJ; PACKER RMA; SORDO L; CHEN R; CANEY SMA; GUNN-MOORE DA (2018) In the eye of the beholder: Owner preferences for variations in cats’ appearances with specific focus on skull morphology. Animals 8(2): 30
 PACKER RMA; MCGREEVY PD; SALVIN HA; VALENZUELA M; CHAPLIN C; VOLK HA (2018) Cognitive dysfunction in naturally occurring canine idiopathic epilepsy. PLoS ONE 13(2): e0192182
 PACKER RMA; MCGREEVY PD; PERGANDE A; VOLK HA (2018) Negative effects of epilepsy and antiepileptic drugs on the trainability of dogs with naturally occurring idiopathic epilepsy. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 200: 106-113.
 INGLEZ C; RYAN R, TER HAAR G, PACKER RMA, VOLK HA, DE DECKER S (2018) Evaluation of the influence of kyphosis and scoliosis on intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs. BMC Veterinary Research 14:5
 O'NEILL DG; KEIJSER SFA; KISKO C; LEROY G; LLEWELLYN-ZAIDI A; MALM S; OLSON P; PACKER RMA; ROUSSELOT JF; SEATH IJ; STULL JW; BONNETT B (2017) Moving from information and collaboration to action: report from the 3rd International Dog Health Workshop, Paris in April 2017. BMC Veterinary Research 4:16
 PACKER RMA (2017) Survival in feline epilepsy: the long and short of it. Veterinary Record 181: 477-478.
 PACKER RMA (2017) Wider impacts from dog showing; more than just a rosette? (Editorial). AWSELVA Journal
 PACKER RMA; VOLK HA; FOWKES RC (2017) Physiological reactivity to spontaneously occurring seizure activity in dogs with epilepsy and their carers. Physiology & Behavior 177: 27-33
 STANCIU G-D; PACKER RMA; PAKOZDY A; SOLCAN G; VOLK HA (2017) Clinical reasoning in feline epilepsy: what combination of clinical information is useful? The Veterinary Journal 225: 9–12
 BRISTOW P; TIVERS MS; PACKER RMA; BROCKMAN D; ORTIZ V; NEWSON K; LIPSCOMB VJ (2017) Long term serum bile acid concentrations in dogs after complete extrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunt ligation. Journal of Small Animal Practice. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12685
 PACKER RMA; MURPHY D; FARNWORTH MJ (2017) Purchasing popular purebreds: Investigating the influence of breed-type on the pre-purchase attitudes and behaviour of dog owners. Animal Welfare 26: 191-201
 PACKER RMA; DE RISIO L; VOLK HA (2017) Investigating the potential of the anti-epileptic drug imepitoin as a treatment for co-morbid anxiety in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. BMC Veterinary Research. 13:90
 PACKER RMA; LUCAS R; VOLK HA (2016) Owner perception of focal seizures in canine epilepsy. Veterinary Record doi:10.1136/vr.104099
 PACKER RMA; SEATH IJ; O'NEILL DG; DE DECKER S; VOLK HA (2016) DachsLife 2015: An investigation of lifestyle associations with the risk of intervertebral disc disease in Dachshunds. Canine Genetics and Epidemiology 3:8 doi: 10.1186/s40575-016-0039-8
 FARNWORTH MJ; CHEN R; PACKER RMA; CANEY S; GUNN-MOORE DA (2016) Flat feline faces: Is brachycephaly associated with respiratory abnormalities in the domestic cat (Felis catus)? PLOS ONE 11(8): e0161777
 WESSMANN A; VOLK HA; PACKER RMA; ORTEGA M; ANDERSON TJ (2016) Quality of life aspects in idiopathic epilpesy in dogs. Veterinary Record:10.1136/vr.103355
 DE DECKER S; GOMES S; PACKER RMA; KENNY P; BELTRAN E; PARZEFALL B; FENN J; NAIR D; NYE G; VOLK HA (2016) Evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging guidelines to differentiate between thoracolumbar nucleus pulposus extrusions and anulus fibrosus protrusions in large breed dogs. Journal of Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound doi: 10.1111/vru.12394
 SUITER EJ; PACKER RMA; VOLK HA (2016) Comparing the effects of first line antiepileptic drugs on the gait of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Veterinary Record doi:10.1136/vr.103736
 O'NEILL DG; PACKER RMA (2016) The First Canine Behaviour and Genetics Conference: Summary and recommendations for future directions in canine behavioural science. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jveb.2016.02.006
 GOMES SA; VOLK HA; PACKER RMA; KENNY PJ; BELTRAN E; DE DECKER S (2016) Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of thoracolumbar nucleus pulposus extrusions and anulus fibrosus protrusions in large breed dogs. Journal of Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound. DOI: 10.1111/vru.12359.
 PACKER RMA; SHIHAB NK; TORRES BBJ; VOLK HA (2016) Risk factors for cluster seizures in canine idiopathic epilepsy. Research in Veterinary Science 105: 136–138.
 PACKER RMA, LAW TH, DAVIES E, ZHANGI B, PAN Y, VOLK HA (2016) Effects of a ketogenic diet on ADHD-like behaviour in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior 55: 62-68.
 PACKER RMA, HENDRICKS A, TIVERS MS & BURN CC (2015) Impact of facial conformation on canine health: Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0137496
 PACKER RMA, VOLK HA (2015) Epilepsy beyond seizures: a review of the impact of epilepsy and its comorbidities on health-related quality of life in dogs. Veterinary Record 177 : 306-315.
 HÜLSMEYER V; FISCHER A; MANDIGERS PJJ; DE RISIO L; BERENDT M; RUSBRIDGE C; BHATTI SFM; PAKOZDY A; PATTERSON EE; PLATT S; PACKER RMA; VOLK HA (2015) International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force’s current understanding of idiopathic epilepsy of genetic or suspected genetic origin in purebred dogs. BMC Veterinary Research 11:175.
 DE RISIO L; BHATTI S; MUÑANA K; PENDERIS J; STEIN V; TIPOLD A; BERENDT M; FARQHUAR R; FISCHER A; LONG S; MANDIGERS PJJ; MATIASEK K; PACKER RMA; PAKOZDY A; PATTERSON N; PLATT S; PODELL M; POTSCHKA H; PUMAROLA BATTLE M; RUSBRIDGE C; VOLK HA (2015) International veterinary epilepsy task force consensus proposal: diagnostic approach to epilepsy in dogs. BMC Veterinary Research 11:148.
 PACKER RMA, HENDRICKS A, & BURN CC (2015) Impact of facial conformation on canine health: Corneal ulceration. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0123827
 PACKER RMA; TIVERS MS (2015) Strategies for the management and prevention of conformation-related respiratory disorders in brachycephalic dogs. Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports 6, 219-232
 DE DECKER S; LAM R; PACKER RMA; GIELEN IMVL; VOLK HV (2015) Thoracic and lumbar vertebral bone mineral density changes in a natural occurring dog model of disseminated idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124166
 PACKER RMA; BERENDT M; BHATTI S; CHARALAMBOUS M; CIZINAUSKAS S; DE RISIO L; FARQUHAR R, HAMPEL R; HILL M; MANDIGERS PJJ; PAKOZDY A; PRESTON SM; RUSBRIDGE S; STEIN V; TAYLOR-BROWN F; TIPOLD A; VOLK HA (2015) Inter-observer agreement of canine and feline paroxysmal event semiology and classification by veterinary neurology specialists and non-specialists. BMC Veterinary Research 11 (1) 39
 PACKER RMA; NYE G; PORTER SE; Volk HA (2015) Assessment into the usage of levetiracetam in a canine epilepsy clinic. BMC Veterinary Research 11 (1) 25
 PACKER RMA; SHIHAB NK; TORRES BBJ; VOLK HA (2015) Responses to successive anti-epileptic drugs in canine idiopathic epilepsy. Veterinary Record doi: 10.1136/vr.102934
 PACKER RMA; SHIHAB NK; TORRES BBJ; VOLK HA (2014) Clinical risk factors associated with anti-epileptic drug responsiveness in canine epilepsy. PLoS ONE 9(8): e106026.
 ARMASU A; PACKER RMA; COOK S; SOLCAN G; VOLK HA (2014) An exploratory study using a statistical approach as a platform for clinical reasoning in canine epilepsy. The Veterinary Journal 202, 2: 292–296
 PACKER RMA; HENDRICKS A; VOLK HA; SHIHAB NK; BURN CC (2013) How long and low can you go? Effect of conformation on the risk of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion in domestic dogs. PLoS ONE 8(7): e69650. Media coverage: The Times
 PACKER RMA; HENDRICKS A; BURN CC (2012) Do dog owners recognise clinical signs related to a conformational inherited disorder that is 'normal for the breed'? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare. Animal Welfare 21(S1): 81-93. Media Coverage: Vet Record, DogWorld, RSPCA Australia
PACKER, RMA, HENDRICKS, A, & BURN, CC (2014) Conference Report: Building Better Brachycephalics 2013. The Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms. pp. 1-36 http://www.ufaw.org.uk/documents/BuildingBetterBrachycephalics2013Report.pdf Media coverage: Vet Record Telegraph
PACKER, RMA (2012) Normal for the breed? The Veterinary Nurse 3 (5) 326 http://www.theveterinarynurse.com/cgi-bin/go.pl/library/article.cgi?uid=92586;article=_3_5_326
Rowena is involved in lectures and Directed Learning sessions related to companion animal behaviour and welfare to the BVetMed, BSc and Veterinary Nursing courses. She supervises final year research projects across a range of topics primarily related to canine and feline behaviour, health and welfare.
Rowena annually guest lectures for the University of Edinburgh's MSc in Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, and co-supervises MSc thesis projects related to her research interests.
In 2013 she lectured Animal Welfare for a term (maternity cover) at Queen's University Belfast on their MSc Animal Behaviour and Welfare.
Current studies recruiting:
- The Big Brainy Border Collie Study: Investigating brain structure, function and behaviour In Border Collies with and without Idiopathic Epilepsy. For more infomation, click here
- RESET (Reducing Epileptic Seizures and improving Emotional state with behavioural Therapies). For more information, click here
- PREDICT: (Prodrome Recognition in Epileptic Dogs to Improve Control and Therapeutics) – Investigating the potential of non-invasive seizure forecasting in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. For more infomation, click here
Rowena is keen to share her research with relevant stakeholder including owners, breeders and animal charities, and has organised two public engagement events:
- "Building Better Brachycephalics", November 2013 - Report available here
- "21st Century Management of Canine Idiopathic Epilepsy", June 2015. Further information available here
She is a member of the Dog Breeding Reform Group and the Brachycephalic Working Group, regularly lectures at breeder events across the UK and has authored articles for the Kennel Club Pet Health Information pages.
Extreme body shapes can cause debilitating conditions, from breathing difficulties to agonising slipped discs, and from irritated wrinkly skin to eye ulcers. Our research highlights the need for breeding strategies that safeguard the welfare of these companion animals.
PREDICT Study (Prodrome Recognition in Epileptic Dogs to Improve Control and Therapeutics) – Investigating the potential of non-invasive seizure forecasting in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy
PREDICT aims to investigate the potential of non-invasive seizure forecasting in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. This study will improve our knowledge and ability in prediction of seizures and management of canine epilepsy. We aim to increase quality of life for both dogs with epilepsy and their owners. To do this we are specifically recruiting any breed, age and sex of dogs from the United Kingdom.
RESET: Reducing Epileptic Seizures and improving Emotional state with behavioural Therapies - A trial to investigate behavioural interventions as management tools for drug-resistant canine epilepsy
People with epilepsy often also experience anxiety, and recent studies have found that adjunctive behavioural therapies can improve epilepsy and emotional health management. RESET aims to investigate behavioural interventions for canine epilepsy patients by recruiting dogs with epilepsy onto a six-month prospective trial.
Vet Compass Project Type: Dog
The Royal Veterinary College (RVC) is calling for respondents for its survey on puppy buying experiences both before and during the COVID-19 pandemic
The Big Brainy Border Collie Study: Investigating brain structure, function and behaviour In Border Collies with and without Idiopathic Epilepsy
Epilepsy is a complex brain disease seen in both humans and dogs. Subtle differences in brain anatomy, electrical activity in the brain, and day to day behaviour are found between people with epilepsy and people with normal brain development. We are interested in exploring these differences between Border Collies with and without epilepsy, and if they may mimic differences seen in human epilepsy cases.
Veterinary Companion Animal Surveillance System: VetCompass is the RVC's companion animal disease surveillance initiative which analyses clinical data from first-opinion small animal and equine veterinary practices, in order to better understand the conditions affecting the nation’s pets. VetCompass studies are specifically designed to contribute towards long-term improvements in companion animal health and welfare.