Department: Pathobiology and Population Sciences
Research Groups: IRLFS (Research Programme)
Research Centres: Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health
Jackie is an Associate Professor in Epidemiology. Her research interests include One Health and infectious disease epidemiology, companion animal epidemiology and pedagogy in higher education, including student and professional mental health and wellbeing.
She is a member of the senior tutor team at the Hawkshead campus and along with Professor Brian Catchpole she is co-Deputy Head of the Pathobiology and Population Sciences department (HoD: Professor Ken Smith)
Jackie qualified from Cambridge University Veterinary School in 1994. She spent six years in mixed general practice, before joining the Epidemiology Unit at the Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. There she was responsible for equine infectious disease surveillance, the provision of advice and support to practitioners dealing with equine infectious disease outbreaks and the clinical care of a large herd of Welsh Mountain ponies. She also worked on risk assessments for the investigation of potentially zoonotic equine infections and the development of a syndrome-based decision-tree approach to surveillance for incursions of exotic equine infectious diseases into the UK.
In 2007 she completed a PhD on the epidemiology of Inflammatory Airway Disease (IAD) in National Hunt racehorses, a study that encompassed tracheal endoscopy, multilocus sequence typing of equine S. zooepidemicus isolates, sequencing of the equine transferrin gene and multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression analyses. Throughout her PhD she continued to provide locum cover for local small animal practices and an RSPCA wildlife hospital.
Jackie joined the RVC Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health (VEEPH) group in April 2008.
Jackie’s research interests include equine infectious disease, equine respiratory disease, zoonotic disease, companion animal clinical epidemiology and pedagogy in higher education. She has a particular interest in the use of mixed (qualitative and quantitative) approaches to understanding health and welfare issues in animal and human populations.
Current work includes:
The 'EXotic disease Prevention: Learning from horse Owners to inform Research & Education' (EXPLORE) project aims to improve exotic disease awareness and preparedness within the non-racing horse population.
HOOVES is a mixed-methods study investigating horse carers' awareness of evidence-based best practices, using laminitis as an exemplar for other important equine welfare issues. This study aims to enable communication between researchers and horse carers to be optimised.
Co-supervision of Dr Mahbubur Rahman MPH (Epid), MBBS (PhD student) working on avian influenza transmission at the animal-human interface in Bangladesh, in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Meerjady Sabrina Flora (Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research, Bangladesh), Dr Punam Mangtani (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine) and Professor Ahasanul Hoque (Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Bangladesh). This project is part of a larger ZELS (Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems) -funded project 'BALZAC' (Behavioural Adaptations in Live poultry trading and farming systems and Zoonoses Control in Bangladesh).
Co-supervision (with Prof Javier Guitian) of Peter Holloway (PhD student) working on a one health approach to the investigation and control of MERS Coronavirus in camel and human populations in Jordan (funded by the Medical Research Council)
Co-supervision (with Dr Lucy Brunton & Dr Pablo Alarcon) of Camilla Strang (PhD student) working on antibiotic usage in the British dairy industry - improving data capture and exploring drivers
Co-supervision (with Dr Judy Mitchell & Dr Simon Priestnall) of Ulrike Mauchle (PhD student) working on improved diagnosis and epidemiological understanding of Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease - funded by a Dogs Trust Canine Welfare Grant
Cardwell JM & Lewis EG A comparative study of mental health and wellbeing among UK students on professional degree programmes (2018) Journal of Further & Higher Education DOI: 10.1080/0309877X.2018.1471125
Stevens KB, O'Neill D, Jepson R, Holm LP, Walker DJ, Cardwell JM. (2018) Signalment risk factors for cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (Alabama rot) in dogs in the UK. Vet Rec. Oct 13;183(14):448. doi: 10.1136/vr.104891. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Stevens KB, Jepson R, Holm LP, Walker DJ, Cardwell JM. (2018) Spatiotemporal patterns and agroecological risk factors for cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (Alabama Rot) in dogs in the UK. Vet Rec. Aug 27. pii: vetrec-2018-104892. doi: 10.1136/vr.104892. [Epub ahead of print]
Cardwell JM, Magnier K, Kinnison T, Silva-Fletcher A (2017) Student experiences and perceptions of compulsory research projects: a veterinary perspective. Vet Rec Open. Dec 6;4(1):e000243. doi: 10.1136/vetreco-2017-000243. eCollection 2017.
Mitchell JA, Cardwell JM, Leach H, Walker CA, Le Poder S, Decaro N, Rusvai M, Egberink H, Rottier P, Fernandez M, Fragkiadaki E, Shields S, Brownlie J. (2017) European surveillance of emerging pathogens associated with canine infectious respiratory disease. Vet Microbiol. Dec;212:31-38. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.019. Epub 2017 Oct 28.
Sauter-Louis C, Jones BA, Henning J, Stoll A, Nielen M, Van Schaik G, Smolenaars A, Schouten M, den Uijl I, Fourichon C, Guatteo R, Madouasse A, Nusinovici S, Deprez P, De Vliegher S, Laureyns J, Booth R, Cardwell JM, Pfeiffer DU. (2017) Herd-level animal management factors associated with the occurrence of bovine neonatal pancytopenia in calves in a multi-country study. PLoS One. Jul 5;12(7):e0179878. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179878. eCollection 2017.
Cardwell JM, Lewis EG. Vocation, Belongingness, and Balance: A Qualitative Study of Veterinary Student Well-Being. (2017) J Vet Med Educ. Spring;44(1):29-37. doi: 10.3138/jvme.0316-055R.
Cardwell JM, Van Winden S, Beauvais W, Mastin A, De Glanville WA, Hardstaff J, Booth RE, Fishwick J, Pfeiffer DU.(2016) Assessing the impact of tailored biosecurity advice on farmer behaviour and pathogen presence in beef herds in England and Wales. Prev Vet Med. Dec 1;135:9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.10.018. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
Couëtil LL, Cardwell JM, Gerber V, Lavoie JP, Léguillette R, Richard EA. (2016) Inflammatory Airway Disease of Horses--Revised Consensus Statement. J Vet Intern Med. Mar-Apr;30(2):503-15. doi: 10.1111/jvim.13824. Epub 2016 Jan 24.
CARDWELL, J.M., SMITH, K.C., WOOD, J.L.N. & NEWTON, J.R. (2014) Infectious risk factors and clinical indicators for tracheal mucus in British National Hunt racehorses. Equine Vet J. Mar;46(2):150-5. doi: 10.1111/evj.12109. Epub 2013 Aug 30
Jones BA, Sauter-Louis C, Henning J, Stoll A, Nielen M, Van Schaik G, Smolenaars A, Schouten M, den Uijl I, Fourichon C, Guatteo R, Madouasse A, Nusinovici S, Deprez P, De Vliegher S, Laureyns J, Booth R, Cardwell JM, Pfeiffer DU. (2013) Calf-level factors associated with bovine neonatal pancytopenia--a multi-country case-control study. PLoS One. Dec 2;8(12):e80619. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080619. eCollection 2013.
MITCHELL J.A., CARDWELL J.M., RENSHAW R.W., DUBOVI E.J., BROWNLIE J. (2013) Detection of canine pneumovirus in dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease. J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Dec;51(12):4112-9. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02312-13. Epub 2013 Oct 2
CARDWELL, J.M., LEWIS, E.G., SMITH, K.C., HOLT, E.R., BAILLIE, S., ALLISTER, R. & ADAMS, V.J. (2013) A cross-sectional study of mental health in UK veterinary undergraduates. Vet Rec Sep 21;173(11):266. doi: 10.1136/vr.101390. Epub 2013 Aug 16
CARDWELL, J.M., SMITH, K.C., WOOD, J.L.N. & NEWTON, J.R.(2013) A longitudinal study of respiratory infections in British National Hunt racehorses. Vet Rec 172(24)637
Jackie teaches aspects of epidemiology on the RVC MSc courses in Veterinary Epidemiology, Wild Animal Health, Wild Animal Biology, and One Health. She is a module leader for the MSc in Veterinary Epidemiology 'Epidemiological aspects of laboratory investigations' module and the MSc One Health 'One Health Epidemiology & Surveillance' module.
Undergraduate teaching includes quantitative research methods for BSc Veterinary Nursing students and Grad Dip in Equine Locomotor Research students (professional farriers). Along with Dr Mandi De Mestre and other RVC staff, supported by Prof Rick DeBowes (Washington State University) she has co-led the development and delivery of the 'Veterinary Team: Leadership & Development' programme and the RVC 'Professional Orientation & Development' (POD) programme - experiential learning programmes using an emotional intelligence framework for training in leadership skills and 'non-technical' clinical skills.
Jackie is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
The aims of this PhD were to determine the accuracy of antibiotic usage data being recorded by dairy farmers on farm, identify factors influencing accurate recording, assess the drivers and barriers to record and share such data and to explore the economic cost of recording. Antibiotic usage (ABU) has become recognised as the main driver for the selection and spread of antibiotic resistance (ABR) within the human and livestock sectors.
The aim of this project is to improve our understanding of equine infectious disease risks associated with the contact networks and spatio-temporal risk clusters created by competition and leisure horse movements within the UK.
Understanding these networks and clusters will inform future disease surveillance programmes and outbreak responses.
The current research into animal health surveillance has been predominantly focused on improving the technical aspects and there is little work looking at the engagement of stakeholders with the surveillance system. UK scanning surveillance relies on the submission of samples or reports from private veterinary surgeons, which in turn rely on the propensity of farmers to seek veterinary advice. Farmers and veterinary practitioners are therefore at the forefront of disease surveillance and the data being received is shaped by what they perceive to be a threat.
Vet Compass Project Type: Horse
The COVID-19 pandemic presents a serious challenge for the customer-facing veterinary profession. To ensure minimal disruption to essential veterinary services, new COVID-mitigated working protocols were quickly implemented, however, little is known about the impact of the pandemic on equine veterinary care in the UK. The aim of this project was to describe equine veterinary activity before and during the pandemic and explore the contribution of telemedicine to case management.
Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging infectious disease first identified in Jordan and Saudi Arabia in 2012. Clinical cases present as an acute respiratory infection with rapid onset pneumonia and, in many cases, death.
In this interdisciplinary research, we study the biological and sociocultural contexts of the disease among at-risk Bedouin populations in southern Jordan. In particular, we are seeking to understand which individuals, or camels, should be targeted for future vaccination, the correct seasons for the deployment of such vaccines and the sociocultural issues that are driving the infection.