Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits
is Encephalitozoon cuniculi?
What signs will my rabbit show with E. cuniculi?
Back leg weakness and paralysis is a result of the swelling surrounding the E. cuniculi causing
The E. cuniculi can infect the eyes of unborn rabbits that are infected whilst in the womb. This may cause
How can my rabbit be tested for it?
A blood test can be carried out to measure antibodies that are produced by the rabbit if it has been exposed to the disease at some stage in its life. Over 50% of healthy rabbits were found to have antibodies to this pathogen in a study carried out, but different antibodies will be produced at different stages of infection. Sometimes a repeat blood sample may be necessary to confirm if this is a current active infection.
There is a simple urine test that can test if your rabbit is shedding E. Cuniculi in its urine. Most of the spores are shed in the first three months after the rabbit has been infected, but it may be shed intermittently after that. We recommend urine samples are collected for three days and sent to the laboratory.
What treatment is available for this condition?
Medication (fenbendazole) can slow or halt the rate of multiplication of the E. cuniculi
We can also offer a variety of supportive care and medication to support the signs of bladder problems or nerve disorders.
How can I prevent my rabbit from getting E. cuniculi?
If you have concerns, we recommend rabbits that have been recently acquired (purchased or rescued) can receive a single course of fenbendazole for four weeks by mouth or on the pellet part of the diet. If