Department: Production and Population Health

Campus: Hawkshead

Research Groups: Safe and Sustainable Food

Claire is a member of the Reproduction Research Group. Her research is based on ruminant reproduction, most recently investingating the interactions of fertility with metabolism, disease and genotype in dary cows.

Claire gained a first class degree in Zoology from the University of Birmingham followed, in 1978, by a PhD in dairy cow fertility at the University of Nottingham under the supervision of Professor Eric Lamming. Before joining the Royal Veterinary College in 1994, she worked for 10 years as a lecturer, then as a reader in the Department of Anatomy, University of Bristol; obtaining a DSc from Bristol in 1990. This was followed by 4 years in a research post at the Babraham Institute.

At the RVC Claire has served on a variety of committees including a long spell as Chairman of the Graduate School Committee. As Head of the Reproduction and Development Group for 12 years from 1995-2007 she was active in promoting research in this area, which was assessed as internationally competitive in the last two Research Assessment Exercises. She also established an elective in Reproduction for final year veterinary students. Externally she was Chairman of the BBSRC Steering Committee on ARK-Genomics from 2000-2008 and a member of the Horserace Betting Levy Board Veterinary Advisory Committee between 1997 and 2006. She is currently a memmber of the Animal Sector Committee of the Knowledge Transfer Network. She was awarded the Research Medal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England (RASE) in 2006 with respect to her research on dairy cow fertility. In 2009 she was made a guest professor at Huazhong Agricultural University, China. She is a Fellow of the Royal Agricultural Society of England and of the Society of Biology.

 

Claire's main research interests are in the general area of ruminant reproduction and she has published extensively in this area with an H index of 46. Her PhD work led to the development of milk progesterone profiles for monitoring fertility in dairy cows. Work at Bristol led to the discovery that oxytocin is an ovarian hormone in ruminants and was followed by investigations into the control of luteolysis, ovarian function and parturition, placental development and the causes of early embryo mortality in cattle and sheep. At the RVC her research into the underlying causes of poor fertility in cattle has continued in particular studying the interactions with meatbolism, disease and genotype. She is also interested in calf devlopment and how that impacts on future performance. She has supervised over 30 PhD students.

Current funding is as follows.

2014-2019

EU FP7-KBBE-2013-7 single stage.

 899,7235€ total of which 714,314€ to RVC

17 co-applicant institutions, led by Professor M Crowe, University College, Dublin.

GplusE. Genotype and Environment contributing to the sustainability of dairy cow production systems through the optimal integration of genomic selection and novel management protocols based on the development and exploitation of genomic data and supporting novel phenotyping approaches

2013-2015

EU Marie Curie FP7 People 2012-IIF

309,235€

Prof SJ Zhang, Prof D Werling, Dr GE Pollott, Dr Z Cheng

A genomics approach to increasing disease resistance in dairy cows through improvements in innate immunity

2013-2016

Horserace Betting Levy Board

£99, 887

Dr A de Metre (PI), Dr K Verheyen.

Veterinary Research Training Scholarship “Risk factors and pathologies associated with early pregnancy loss in Thoroughbreds”

2011-2016

DairyCo

£2.5m

(£836,122 to RVC)

University of Nottingham, Harper Adams University College

Research partnership on dairy cattle health, welfare and nutrition

Selected papers since 2010

DC Wathes, GE Pollott, KF Johnson, H Richardson and JS Cooke (2014) Heifer fertility and carry over consequences for life time production in dairy and beef cattle. Animal 8: Suppl 1, 91-104.

S Patel S, J Gibbons  and DC Wathes (2014) Ensuring optimal colostrum transfer to newborn dairy calves. Cattle Practice 22 Part 1, 95 – 104.

 WF Marei, DRE Abayasekara, DC Wathes and AA Fouladi-Nashta (2014) Role of PTGS2-generated PGE2 during gonadotrophin-induced bovine oocyte maturation and cumulus cell expansion. Reproductive Biomedicine Online 28:388-400.

GE Pollott, A Charlesworth and DC Wathes (2014) Possibilities to improve the genetic evaluation of a rare breed using limited genomic information and multivariate BLUP. Animal 8:5 685-694.

 JS Cooke, Z Cheng, NE Bourne and DC Wathes (2013) Association between growth rates, age at first calving and subsequent fertility, milk production and survival in Holstein-Friesian heifers. Open Journal of Animal Sciences 3: 1-12.

T Swangchan-Uthai, Q Chen, SE Kirton, MA Fenwick, Z Cheng, J Paton, A.A. Fouladi-Nashta and D.C. Wathes (2013). Influence of energy balance on the antimicrobial peptides S100A8 and S100A9 in the endometrium of the post-partum dairy cow. Reproduction 145: 527-539.

GE Mann, DC Wathes, RS Robinson (2013) The progesterone receptor antagonist,onapristone has differential effects on the timing and control of the luteolytic mechanism depending on timing of administration in sheep. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 376:1-11.

Z Cheng, DRE Abayasekara, F Ward, DMW Preece, KA Raheem, DC Wathes (2013) Altering n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratios affects prostaglandin production by ovine uterine endometrium. Animal Reproduction Science. 143:38-47. [0 citations]

 DC Wathes, Z Cheng, W Marei, and A Fouladi-Nashta (2013) Polyunsaturated fatty acids and fertility in female mammals – an update. CAB Reviews.  Published on-line at http://www.cabi.org/cabreviews ISSN 1749-8848.

 DC Wathes, T Swangchan-Uthai, CF Oguejiofor, Z Cheng (2013) Energy balance, immune function and fertility in the postpartum dairy cow. Cattle Practice 21, 129-137

WF Marei, DC Wathes and AA Fouladi-Nashta (2012) Differential effects of linoleic and alpha-linolenic acid on spatial and temporal mitochondrial distribution and activity in bovine oocytes. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 24:679-90.

DC Wathes, AM Clempson and GE Pollott (2013) Associations between lipid metabolism and fertility in the dairy cow. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 25, 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071.RD12272.

 DC Wathes (2012) Mechanisms linking metabolic status and disease with reproductive outcome in the dairy cow. Reproduction in Domestic Animals  47 (Suppl 4), 1-9.

T Swangchan-Uthai, CRM Lavender, Z Cheng, AA Fouladi-Nashta and DC Wathes (2012) Time course of defence mechanisms in bovine endometrium in response to lipopolysaccharide. Biology of Reproduction 87: 1-13.

DC Wathes, Z Cheng, MA Fenwick, R Fitzpatrick and J Patton (2011). Influence of energy balance on the somatotrophic axis and matrix metalloproteinase expression in the endometrium of the postpartum cow dairy cow Reproduction 141: 269-281.

 AM Clempson, GE Pollott, JS Brickell, NE Bourne, N. Munce and DC Wathes. (2011) Evidence that leptin genotype is associated with fertility independently of effects on growth and milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 94: 3618-3628.

 JS Brickell and DC Wathes (2011) A descriptive study of the survival of Holstein–Friesian heifers through to third calving on English dairy farms. Journal of Dairy Science 94: 1831-1838.

 AM Clempson, GE Pollott, JS Brickell, NE Bourne, N. Munce and DC Wathes (2011) Polymorphisms in the autosomal genes for mitochondrial function TFAM and UCP2 are associated with performance and longevity in UK dairy cows. Animal 5:9 1335-1343.

 T Swangchan-Uthai, SW Walsh, SLH Alexander, Z Cheng, MA Crowe, ACO Evans and DC Wathes (2011) Comparison between dairy heifers and lactating cows of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in the oviduct during the peri-oestrous period. Reproduction 142: 457-465.

 KF Johnson, CC Burn and DC Wathes (2011) Rates and risk factors for contagious disease and mortality in young dairy heifers. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 6 No. 059.

JS Brickell, GE Pollott, AM Clempson, N Otter and DC Wathes (2010) Polymorphisms in the bovine leptin gene associated with perinatal mortality in Holstein-Friesian heifers. Journal of Dairy Science 93: 340-347.

AM Mani, MA Fenwick, Z Cheng, MK Sharma, D Singh and DC Wathes (2010) IGF1 induces up-regulation of steroidogenic and apoptotic regulatory genes via activation of phosphatidylinositol-dependent kinase/AKT in bovine granulosa cells. Reproduction 139: 139-151.

 WF Marei, DC Wathes and AA. Fouladi-Nashta (2010) Effects of linoleic acid on bovine oocyte maturation and embryo development. Reproduction 139: 979-988.

 

SD McCarthy SM Waters, DA Kenny, MG Diskin, R Fitzpatrick, J Patton, DC Wathes and DG Morris (2010) Negative energy balance and hepatic gene expression patterns in high yielding dairy cows during the early post partum period: a global approach. Physiological Genomics 42A:188-199.

Lecture to BVetMed 2 and post rotation tracking students on reprodution

Claire is currently involved on an exiting project in collaboration with DairyCo to produce training videos for dairy farmers whih are available through YouTube