People: Madeleine Campbell
There are multiple projects currently running on veterinary ethics and law. These include topics of client informed consent, the law and professional conduct related to clinical research, reviews of RCVS Disciplinary Hearings, ethical requirements for publications, the laws of religious slaughter and the social contractual empowerment of the veterinary profession.
Pigs and poultry evolved to live in natural habitats which are very different to the environments in which they are frequently housed for farming. This body of work is made possible with our state of the art environmental control research facilities and engineering expertise. It focuses on the impact of artificial environmental husbandry factors on welfare, production and on impact on the external environment, which is critical for sustainability.
This suite of research has the welfare of dairy calves and cows as its focus. It aims to generate practical recommendations to improve cow and calf husbandry and welfare assessment.
The needs and views of Society dictate how scientific findings are implemented and what issues are investigated scientifically. Human attitudes towards animals can impact on their treatment and consideration as well as standards of welfare maintained.
We currently have a number of different projects investigating the welfare of a range of species during stunning, slaughter (with and without stunning) & euthanasia.
An innovative approach to assessing animal emotional states which underpin animal welfare. Although we often consider facial expression the best indicator of emotion, humans convey information about their personalities and emotional states in their body posture and movements. Do animals do the same and can we objectively measure emotion in this way?
We aim to refine the way that animals are used in research. Our projects focus on humane husbandry: how best to identification-mark mice, how frequently to clean rat cages, and how to minimise harmful effects from strong odours in the lab, given rodents' extremely well developed olfactory senses.
Interpreting any animal's emotion correctly is key to safeguarding its welfare - and sometimes even our own welfare. Dogs are renowned for their 'human-like' expressiveness, but science can reveal which of their behavioural signals reliably discriminate between emotions such as anxiety versus pleasure, and which ones may be misleading.
We run various projects on wild animals, ranging from great apes to sunbears. These include projects that form part of the MScs in Wild Animal Biology and Health. Our work also includes looking into ways wildlife is managed and control, including the asking questions on the the humaneness of different culling methods for 'pests'.
Extreme body shapes can cause debilitating conditions, from breathing difficulties to agonising slipped discs, and from irritated wrinkly skin to eye ulcers. Our research highlights the need for breeding strategies that safeguard the welfare of these companion animals.