Department: Pathobiology and Population Sciences

Campus: Hawkshead

Research Centres: Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health

I am a Research Fellow investigating the spread antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in a range of environments and taking a One Health approach to understanding potential drivers of the spread of AMR.

I am also involved in developing rapid detection methods for mycobacterial diseases and using these methods to investigate the transmission of mycobacterial pathogens between humans and animals.

I completeted my PhD in microbiology from the University of Nottingham School of Biosciences which was aimed towards developing novel diagnostics for mycobacterial diseases; namely Johne's disease and bovine TB. My intial postdoc positions were developing and exploiting phage technology developed during my PhD for use in other animals and humans.

After my PhD I moved to the Vet School at the University of Nottingham for a postdoc position. Here I investiagted environmental drivers of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in wildlife. In parallel I was part of a Defra funded bid to investigate the prevalence of TB in badgers on the TB-epidemic edge region of England. 

Currently involved in several projects investigating TB in badgers and characterising the isolates using sequencing technologies.

Investigating the prevalence and spread of Salmonella in wildlife and characterising their antimicrobial resistance profiles.

Development and use of novel tools to detect mycobacteria.


Swift, B., Bennett, M., Waller, K., Dodd, C., Murray, A., Gomes, R., Humphreys, B., Hobman, J., Jones, M., Whitlock, S., Mitchell, L., Lennon, R., Arnold, K. 2018. Anthropogenic environmental drivers of antimicrobial resistance in wildlife. STOTEN. 649. 12-20

Barron, E., Swift, B., Chantrey, J., Christley, R., Gardner, R., Jewell, C., McGrath, I., Mitchell, A., O’Cathail, C., Prosser, A., Ridout, S, Sanchez, G., Smith, N., Timofte, D., Williams, N., Bennett, M. 2018. A study of tuberculosis in road traffic-killed badgers on the edge of the British bovine TB epidemic area. Sci Reports.

Gerrard, Z., Swift, B., Botsaris, G., Davidson, R., Hutchings, M., Huxley, J., Rees, C. Survival of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in retail pasteurised milk. 2018. Food Micro. 74: 57-63.

Donnellan, S., Stone, V., Johnston, H., Giardiello, M., Owen, A., Rannard, S., Aljayyoussi, G., Swift, B., Tran, L., Watkins, C., and Stevenson, K. 2017. Intracellular delivery of nano-formulated antituberculosis drugs enhances bactericidal activity. Journal of Interdisciplinary Nanomedicine, 2: 146–156. doi: 10.1002/jin2.27.

Swift, B. M. C., Huxley, J. N., Plain, K. M., Begg, D. J., de Silva, K., Purdie, A. C., Whittington, R. J., Rees, C. E. D. 2016. Evaluation of the limitations and methods to improve rapid phage-based detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in the blood of experimentally infected cattle. BMC Veterinary Research. DOI: 10.1186/s12917-016-0728-2.

Swift, B. M. C., Convery, T. W. & Rees, C. E. D. 2016. Evidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex bacteraemia in intradermal skin test positive cattle detected using phage-RPA. Virulence. Page 6 of 35 DOI:10.1080/21505594.2016.1191729.

Botsaris, G., Swift. B.M.C., Slana, I., Liapi, M., Christodoulou, M., Hatzitofi, M., Christodoulou, V. & Rees C.E.D. 2016. Detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in powdered infant formula by phage-PCR and confirmed by culture. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 216, 91-4.

Swift, B. M., Gerrard, Z. E., Huxley, J. N. & Rees, C. E. 2014. Factors Affecting Phage D29 Infection: A Tool to Investigate Different Growth States of Mycobacteria. PLoS One, 9, e106690.

Swift, B. M. C., Denton, E. J., Mahendran, S. A., Huxley, J. N., Rees, C. E. D. 2013. Development of a rapid phage-based method for the detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in blood within 48 h. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 94, 175-179.

Rees, C. E. D., Swift. B. M. C., Botsaris, G. 2013. Bacteriophage-Based Techniques for Detection of Foodborne Pathogens. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY, SECOND EDITION.

Swift, B. M. & Rees, C. E. D. 2013. Detecting mycobacteria in cattle blood. Vet Rec, 173, 522-3.

Swift and Rees (2013) GB Patent 1317392.7. Entitled: “MYCOBACTERIA DETECTION”.

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