Department: Pathology and Pathogen Biology
Research Centres: Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health
The postholder is working to establish and promote a One Health and Conservation Medicine programme including, research on emerging disease systems arising from pathogen flow between wildlife, livestock and humans and the ecological drivers. The geographical focus is Africa and South Asia and will involve working with regional and international partners. Capacity building is seen as central to achieving these goals and will include course and module development in professional training in UK and abroad working with partners and providing leadership in RVC teaching and post graduate programmes in One Health, Wildlife Health and Biology.
Richard Kock is a dedicated wildlife veterinarian, researcher and conservationist. From 1983 to 2010 he was attached to the Zoological Society of London (ZSL); working in zoological medicine from 1983-1990 in the UK, then seconded abroad from 1991 to 2006. He worked on free-ranging wildlife health with the national wildlife management authority (Kenya Wildlife Service KWS) in Nairobi, Kenya 1991-1998 to start a new Veterinary Department. This initiative is now a model in the region with 12 vets and 72 permanent staff. Throughout this time he was involved in research, management and conservation initiatives in the region and built networks and wildlife health capacity. From 1999 – 2005 he was seconded to a regional body, African Union Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) to work on rinderpest and other transboundary animal diseases at the wildlife, livestock and human interface. This involved the organisation and implementation of epidemiological research (sero-surveillance and outbreak investigation) in wildlife species throughout eastern, central and western Africa based out of Nairobi. In 2001, he detected and ensured diagnosis of the last globally known epidemic of rinderpest, which occured in wild buffalo in Meru National Park, Kenya. He also worked on a range of other infectious diseases including Pestes des Petits Ruminants, Rift Valley Fever, anthrax and other wildlife diseases. He returned to the UK in 2006 and worked until 2010 as a Programme Manager at ZSL, running regional conservation projects in deserts and rangelands in Africa, Middle East and Asia with a wildlife health perspective. This included overall responsibility for management of the King Khalid Wildlife Research Centre near Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In 2011 he took up a chair in Wildlife Health and Emerging Diseases at the Pathology and Pathogen Biology Department, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Campus, London, UK. He has been engaged closely with the evolving One Health initiative and in promoting wildlife and environment in the health agenda. He has led the development and implementation of a new One Health Masters in Science course run jointly by the Royal Veterinary College and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine launched in 2013 and of which he remains co-Director.
Research interests over 30 years of working with wildife include;
- use of novel anaesthetic agents in wild carnivores and herbivores, improving protocols and intervention technologies to enable safer capture, restraint and handling for treatment, biological sampling for diagnosis, translocation and reintroduction;
- developing efficient and cost effective wildlife epidemiological investigation protocols for infectious disease surveillance and outbreak investigation; and disease risk analysis in a range of wildlife species and at the wildlife and livestock interface;
- morbilliviruses, bacterial and protozoal infection of wildife - studying disease epidemology in various wild herbivore and carnivore communities and investigating their role as potential reservoirs, vectors, indicators for and victims of infection amongst humans, domestic and wild animals;
- finding a balance between natural resource conservation, human, livestock and agricultural development in Africa and Asia to ensure sustained ecosystem services for nutrition security, health and welfare and ecological resilience. Working on One Health concept studies particularly at the remote, rural landscape level of developing and post-conflict communities.
He has current funded research projects and studentships ongoing on saiga antelope disease in Kazakhstan, Pestes des Petits Ruminants virus in wildlife in Africa, bovine tuberculosis in the Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda.
KOCK R.A. (2006) Rinderpest and wildlife. In: Rinderpest and Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus. Plagues of large and small ruminants. Edited by Thomas Barrett, Paul-Pierre Pastoret, and William Taylor Biology of Animal Infections Elsevier publications Academic Press, London. Chap. 7 pp. 144-162
KOCK R.A. H. M. WAMWAYI, P. B. ROSSITER, G. LIBEAU, E. WAMBWA, J. OKORI, F. S. SHIFERAW, T. D. MLENGEYA (2006). Rinderpest in East Africa: continuing re-infection of wildlife populations on the periphery of the Somali ecosystem. Prev. Vet. Med Vol 75/1-2 pp. 63-80.
KOCK R.A. SOORAE P.S. AND MOHAMMED O.B. (2007) The Role of Veterinarians in Re-introductions International Zoo Year Book 41: 24–37
CLEAVELAND, S., PACKER, C., HAMPSON, K., KAARE, M., KOCK, R., MLENGEYA R.,LEMBO, T., CRAFT M. AND DOBSON, A. (2007) The multiple roles of infectious diseases in the Serengeti ecosystem. In: Serengeti III (Eds. Sinclair, A.R.E and Packer, C.), Chicago University Press, Chicago.
MUNSON, L., TERIO, K., KOCK, R., MLENGEYA, T., ROELKE, M., DUBOVI, E., SUMMERS, B., SINCLAIR, T., PACKER, C. (2008) Climate Extremes Promote Fatal Co-Infections during Canine Distemper Epidemics in African Lions. PLOS One Biology June 2008 , Volume 3, Issue 6, e2545.
BRONSVOORT B.M.DEC., PARIDA S., HANDEL I, MCFARLAND S., FLEMING L., HAMBLIN P., AND KOCK R. (2008) Serological survey for foot-and-mouth disease in wildlife in East Africa and parameter estimation of the Cedi test NSP ELISA for buffalo Clinical and Vaccine Immunology Vol. 15, No. 6.
OKITA-OUMA, B., AMIN, R., KOCK, R.A. (2007) Conservation and Management Strategy for the Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli) and Management Guidelines for the White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum simum) in Kenya (2007-2011) KWS Nairobi Kenya
EMSLIE, R., Amin R., Kock R.A. (Eds) (2009) Guidelines for the in situ Re-introduction and Translocation of African and Asian Rhino for Conservation Purposes Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Du TOIT, J. T., KOCK, R.A. and DEUTSCH, J.C. (2009) (Editors) Wild Rangelands –Conserving Wildlife While Maintaining livestock in Semi Arid ecosystems Wiley Blackwell Oxford UK. KOCK, R.A., WOODFORD, M.H. and ROSSITER, P.B. (2010) Disease risks associated with translocation of wildlife OIE Revue Scientifique et Technique Rev.sci.tech.Off.int.Epiz., 29(2), 329-350
KOCK, R.A. (2010) The newly proposed Laikipia disease control fence in Kenya. In: Ferguson, K. & Hanks, J. eds. Fencing Impacts: A review of the environmental, social and economic impacts of game and veterinary fencing in Africa with particular reference to the Great Limpopo and Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Areas. Pretoria Mammal Research Institute 71-75
MOHAMMED, O. B., OMER, S. A., MACASERO, W. V. & KOCK, R. A. (2011) Serum biochemistry reference range values for Arabian mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) and Arabian sand gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa marica) at King Khalid Wildlife Research Centre, Saudi Arabia Comp Clin Pathol (2011) 20:187–191
SIEMBIEDA, J.L., KOCK, R.A., McCRACKEN, T.A. & NEWMAN S.H. (2011) The role of wildlife in transboundary animal diseases Animal health research reviews / Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases. 2011:1-17. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21615975 [Accessed May 31, 2011].
ANDERSON J, BARON M, CAMERON A, KOCK R, JONES B, PFEIFFER D, MARINER J, MCKEEVER D, OURA C, ROEDER P, ROSSITER P, TAYLOR W. (2011) Rinderpest eradicated; what next? Vet Rec. Jul 2;169(1):10 KOCK, R., GRACHEV, Y., ZHAKYPBAYEV, A., USENBAYEV, A., ZUTHER, S., KLIMANOVA, O., DIETERICH, T., SAPANOV, M.,AND IZIMBERGENOVA, G. (2012) A retrospective assessment of saiga antelope Saiga tatarica die-off in Western Kazakhstan 2010-2011. Saiga News Issue 14, Winter 2011/2012 1-4
WALLACE R. and KOCK R.A. (2012) Whose food footprint? Capitalism and global agriculture Human Geography 5 (1):63-83.olume 5, Number 1, 2012
KOCK, R.A., ALDERS, R., & WALLACE, R. (2012) Wildlife, wild food, food security and human society. In: Animal Health and Biodiversity - Preparing for the Future. Illustrating Contributions to Public Health 71-79. Compendium of the OIE Global Conference on Wildlife 23-25 February 2011 Paris, France.
MWANIKA. V.B., KOCK, R.A., MASEMBE, C & SIEGISMUND H.R. (2012) Genetic Diversity in the Desert Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus delameri) Population in Eastern Africa South African Journal Wildlife Management Association 42(1):54-59.
Kayunze, K. A., Kiwara, A., Lyamuya, L., Kambarage, D.M., Rushton, J., Coker, R., Kock, R. and Rweyemamu M.M. (2011) A Socio-economic Approach to One health policy research in Southern Africa available at http://www.orjv.org/index.php/ojvr/view/33.
De Garine-Wichatitsky, M., Caron, A, Kock, R., Tschopp, R., Munyeme, M., Hofmeyr, M., & Michel, A. (2013). A review of bovine tuberculosis at the wildlife-livestock-human interface in sub-Saharan Africa. Epidemiology and infection, 141, 1342–1356. doi:10.1017/S0950268813000708
Jones, B. A., Grace, D., Kock, R., Alonso, S., Rushton, J., & Said, M. Y. (2013). Zoonosis emergence linked to agricultural intensification and environmental change, PNAS 110(21), 8399–8404. doi:10.1073/pnas.1208059110
Ferguson, K. J., Cleaveland, S., Haydon, D. T., Kock, R. A., Lembo, T., & Hopcraft, J. G. C. (2013). Evaluating the Potential for the Environmentally Sustainable Control of Foot and Mouth Disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecohealth (2013) 10:314-322 DOI 10.1007/s10393-013-0850-6
Dancer, A., Pinion, V., Grachev, Y., Milner-Gulland, Sarah Robinson, E.J., Zuther, S., Dieterich, T., Orynbayiev, M., Karlstetter, M., Kock, R. (2013) Remote and in situ analyses of the potential causes of saiga antelope die-offs in Western Kazakhstan Saiga news, (14) 1-4
Sean T. Murphy, Naresh Subedi, Shant Raj Jnawali, Babu Ram Lamichhane, Gopal Prasad Upadhyay, Richard Kock and Rajan Amin (2013). Invasive mikania in Chitwan National Park, Nepal: the threat to the greater one-horned rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis and factors driving the invasion. Oryx, 47, pp 361-368. doi:10.1017/S003060531200124X.
Kock, R.; Croft, S.; Dixon, M.; Fletcher, C.; Good, L.; Guzman, J.; Heymann, D.; Liyanage, R.; McKeever, D.; McNerney, R.; Peeling, R.; Moran, M.; Pfeiffer, D.; Waage, J.; Wu, L. DFID Zoonoses Report 6. Prioritising the need for new diagnostics, medicine, vaccines and management practices of zoonoses which have significant impact in the developing world. Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK (2012) 126 pp.
Probert J., Evans, B., Andanje, S., Kock, R., Amin, R. (2013) Population and habitat assessment of the ‘critically endangered’ hirola (Beatragus hunteri) in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya Oryx In Press
Tiziana Lembo, Christopher Oura,Satya Parida, Richard Hoare, Lorraine Frost,Robert Fyumagwa, Fredrick Kivaria, Chobi Chubwa, Richard Kock,Sarah Cleaveland,1 and Carrie Batten (2013) Peste des petits ruminants infection patterns in cattle and wildlife in northern Tanzania Emerging Infectious Diseases EID 19(12), 2037–2040.
Kock, R. (2013) Will the damage be done before we feel the heat? Infectious disease emergence and human response. Animal Health Research Reviews, pg. 1-6 doi:10.1017/S1466252313000108
Extensive ad hoc lecturing and experiential training in the African and Asian contexts, lecturing on the RVC/LSHTM One Health course on: principles of One Health, disease ecology, macrodrivers of emerging disease, socioecology, syndemics and resilience; RVC/ZSL Master course on: sustainable use of wildlife, anaesthesia of ungulates and carnivores, epidemiology of infection in wild artiodactyls. Provides Bachelor (Science and Veterinary Medicine) course lectures on wildlife health, disease and pathology, zoonoses, and global health and drivers (especially agricultural) of disease emergence.
Extensive experience in clinical zoological and widllife medicine but currently not undertaking any clinical duties.
He is an adjunct Professor at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, Grafton USA; founding member of the University of Sydney Charles Perkins Centre Research Node FoodLife: health, livelihoods, security, environment and co-chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Wildlife Health Specialist Group leading a membership of some 400+ wildlife health and conservation experts. A professional voluntary expert network focused on wildlife health in relation to the conservation of biodiversity. This group is mandated under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and IUCN to promote wildife and wildlife health aspects of the Global One Health Initiative currently partnered by UN FAO, WHO and OIE. Completed jointly with colleagues a wildlife disease risk analysis guideline and manual now published by OIE/IUCN.
People: Barbara Haesler, Jonathan Rushton, Houda Bennani, Ana Mateus, Maria Garza Valles, Timothée Vergne, Camilla Benfield, Richard Kock, Marianne Carson, Kevin Queenan, Laura Craighead, Emi Takahashi
The Network for Evaluation of One Health brings together international experts interested and experienced in One Health to promote standardised and comparable evaluations of One Health initiatives and to inform decision-making and resource allocation.