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SML > Research People > John Hutchinson


Also see my pages on Academia.edu, Google Scholar, ResearchGate, and Biomed Experts.

Peer Reviewed Journals

  1. Warner, S.E., Henry, V., Roskilly, K., Hildebrandt, T., Panagiotopoulou, O., Hutchinson, J.R. 2014. Regional variation in digital cushion pressure in the forefeet of horses and elephants. PeerJ, in press.
  2. Molnar, J., Pierce, S.E., Hutchinson, J.R. 2014. An experimental and morphometric test of the relationship between vertebral morphology and joint stiffness in Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Journal of Experimental Biology 217: 757-768.
  3. Regnault, S., Hermes R., Hildebrandt, T., Hutchinson. J.R., Weller, R. 2013. Osteopathology in the feet of rhinoceroses: Lesion type and distribution. Journal of Zoo & Wildlife Medicine 44: 918-927.
  4. Qian, Z.,Ren, L.,Ding, Y.,Hutchinson J.R.,Ren, L.2013.A dynamic finite element analysis of human foot complex in the sagittal plane during level walking. PLoS ONE 8(11):e79424 (link with open access)
  5. Paxton, H., Daley, M.A., Corr, S.A., Hutchinson, J.R. 2013. The gait dynamics of the modern broiler chicken: A cautionary tale of selective breeding. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:3237-3248. [pdf]
  6. Pittman, M., Gatesy, S.M., Upchurch, P., Goswami, A., Hutchinson, J.R. 2013. Shake a tail feather: the evolution of the theropod tail into a stiff aerodynamic surface. PLOS ONE 8(5): e63115. (link with open access)
  7. Pierce, S.E., Hutchinson, J.R., Clack, J.A. 2013. Historical perspectives on the evolution of tetrapodomorph movement. Integrative and Comparative Biology, published online. Free access available at: http://icb.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/ict022?ijkey=F2ekjzMTxcsQEFG&keytype=ref
  8. Allen, V.A., Bates, K.T., Li, Z., Hutchinson, J.R. 2013. Linking the evolution of body shape and locomotor biomechanics in bird-line archosaurs. Nature 497:104–107. doi:10.1038/nature12059 (explanatory blog post here http://whatsinjohnsfreezer.com/2013/04/24/3d_dinosaurs/ and webpage here http://www.rvc.ac.uk/SML/Projects/Evolution3DDinos.cfm). Open database provided at: Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.hh74n Excellent video explaining our research here. compiled pdf with all supplementary information
  9. Schachner, E.R., Hutchinson, J.R., Farmer, C.G. 2013. Pulmonary anatomy in the Nile crocodile and the evolution of unidirectional airflow in Archosauria. PeerJ 1:e60 http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.60 (free download)
  10. Warner, S.E., Pickering, P., Panagiotopoulou, P., Pfau, T., Ren, L., Hutchinson, J.R. 2013. Size-related changes in foot impact mechanics in hoofed mammals. PLOS ONE 8(1): e54784. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054784. compiled pdf with all supplementary information
  11. Pierce, S.E., Ahlberg, P.E., Hutchinson, J.R., Molnar, J.L., Sanchez, S., Tafforeau, P., Clack, J.A. 2013. Vertebral architecture in the earliest stem tetrapods. Nature 494:226–229. doi:10.1038/nature11825  (explanatory blog post here: http://whatsinjohnsfreezer.com/2013/01/10/tetrapodvertebrae/) [pdf and associated files (.zip archive)]
  12. Pierce, S.E., Clack, J.A., Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. Three-dimensional limb joint mobility in the early tetrapod Ichthyostega. Nature 486:523-526. (see explanatory webpage here) pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  13. Doube, M., Yen, S.C.W., Kłosowski, M.M., Farke A.A., Hutchinson, J.R., Shefelbine, S.J. 2012. Whole-bone scaling of the avian pelvic limb. Journal of Anatomy 221:21-29. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  14. Zhang, K.Y., Wiktorowicz-Conroy, A., Hutchinson, J.R., Doube, M., Klosowski, M., Shefelbine, S.J., Bull, A.M.J. 2012. 3D morphometric and posture study of felid scapulae using statistical shape modelling. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34619. (link with open access)
  15. Fujiwara, S. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. Elbow joint adductor moment arm as an indicator of forelimb posture in extinct quadrupedal tetrapods. Proc Roy Soc Lond B 269:2561-2570. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  16. Panagiotopoulou, O., Pataky, T.C., Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. Statistical parametric mapping of the regional distribution and ontogenetic scaling of foot pressures during walking in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Journal of Experimental Biology 215:1584-1593. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  17. Molnar, J.L., Pierce, S.E., Clack, J.A., Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. Idealized landmark-based geometric reconstructions of poorly preserved fossil material: a case study of tetrapod vertebrae. Paleontologica Electronica 15.2.2T (open access).
  18. Hutchinson, J.R., Delmer, C., Miller, C.E., Hildebrandt, T., Pitsillides, A.A., Boyde, A.J. 2011. From flat foot to fat foot: The structure, ontogeny, function and evolution of elephant “sixth toes.” Science 344:1699-1703. (see explanatory webpage here) Abstract; Reprint [free pdf!]; Full Text Supporting Online Material (pdf)
  19. Panagiotopoulou, O., Wilshin, S., Rayfield, E., Shefelbine, S., Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. What makes an accurate and precise subject-specific finite element model? A case study of an elephant femur. J Roy Soc Interface 9:351-361. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  20. Hutchinson, J.R., Bates, K.T., Molnar, J., Allen, V., Makovicky, P.J. 2011. A computational analysis of limb and body dimensions in Tyrannosaurus rex with implications for locomotion, ontogeny, and growth. PLoS One 6(10): e26037. (link with open access) (see explanatory webpage here)
  21. Hutchinson, J.R. 2011. On the inference of function from structure using biomechanical modelling and simulation of extinct organisms. Biology Letters, published online. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  22. Pierce, S.E., Clack, J.A. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2011. Comparative axial morphology in pinnipeds and its correlation with aquatic locomotion behaviour. Journal of Anatomy 219:502-514. [pdf]
  23. Fujiwara, S., Endo, H. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2011. Topsy-turvy locomotion: biomechanical specializations of the elbow in suspended quadrupeds reflect inverted gravitational constraints. Journal of Anatomy 219:176-191. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  24. Doube, M., Kłosowski, M.M., Wiktorowicz-Conroy, A.M., Hutchinson, J.R. and Shefelbine, S.J. 2011. Trabecular bone scales allometrically in mammals and birds. Proc Roy Soc Lond B 278:3067-3073. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  25. Souter, T., Cornette, R., Pedraza, J., Hutchinson, J.R. and Baylac, M. 2010. Two applications of 3D semi-landmark morphometrics implying different template designs: the theropod pelvis and the shrew skull. Comptes Rendus Palevol 9:411-422. [pdf]
  26. Pfau, T., Hinton, E., Whitehead, C., Wiktorowicz-Conroy, A.M. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2011. Temporal gait parameters in the alpaca and the evolution of pacing and trotting locomotion in the Camelidae. Journal of Zoology 283:193–202. [pdf]
  27. Doube, M., Kłosowski, M.M., Arganda-Carreras, I., Cordelières, F.P., Dougherty, R.P., Jackson, J.S., Schmid, B., Hutchinson, J.R. and Shefelbine, S.J. 2011. BoneJ: free and extensible bone image analysis in ImageJ. Bone 47: 1076-1079. [pdf]
  28. Brusatte, S.L., Norell, M.A., Carr, T.D., Erickson, G.M., Hutchinson, J.R., Bever, G.S., Balanoff, A.M., Xu, X., Makovicky, P.J. and Choiniere, J.N. 2010. Tyrannosaur paleobiology: new research on an ancient model organism. Science 329:1481-1485. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  29. More, H.L., Hutchinson, J.R., Collins, D.F., Weber, D.J., Aung, S.K.H. and Donelan, J.M. 2010. Scaling of sensorimotor control in terrestrial mammals. Proc Roy Soc Lond B 277:3563-3568. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  30. Paxton, H., Anthony, N.B., Corr, S.A. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2010. The effects of selective breeding on the architectural properties of the pelvic limb in broiler chickens: a comparative study across modern and ancestral populations. Journal of Anatomy 217:153-166. [pdf]
  31. Ren, L., Miller, C., Lair, R. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2010. Integration of biomechanical compliance, leverage, and power in elephant limbs. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 107:7078-7082. (see explanatory webpage here) pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  32. Allen, V., Ellsey, R., Jones, N., Wright, J. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2010. Functional specialisation and ontogenetic scaling of limb anatomy in Alligator mississippiensis. Journal of Anatomy 216:423-445. [cover image] pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  33. Pontzer, H., Allen, V. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2009. Biomechanics of running indicates endothermy in bipedal dinosaurs. PLoS One 4(11): e7783. (link with open access)
  34. Allen, V., Paxton, H. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2009. Variation of center of mass estimates for extant sauropsids and its importance for reconstructing inertial properties of extinct archosaurs. The Anatomical Record 292:1442-1461. [pdf]
  35. Gatesy, S.M, Baeker, M. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2009. Constraint-based exclusion of limb poses for reconstructing theropod dinosaur locomotion. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29:535-544. [pdf]
  36. Doube, M, Conroy, A.W., Christiansen, P., Hutchinson, J.R. and Shefelbine, S. 2009. Three-dimensional geometric analysis of felid limb bone allometry. PLoS One 4(3):e4742. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004742 (link with open access)
  37. Zhao, G., Ren, L., Ren, L., Hutchinson, J.R, Tian, L. and Dai, J.S. 2008. Segmental kinematic coupling of the human spinal column during locomotion. Journal of Bionic Engineering 5:328-334. [pdf]
  38. Hutchinson, J.R. and Allen, V. 2008. The evolutionary continuum of limb function from early theropods to birds. Naturwissenschaften 96:423-448. [pdf]
  39. Zioupos, P., Cook, R.B. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2008. Some basic relationships between density values in cancellous and cortical bone. Journal of Biomechanics 41:1961-1968. [pdf] [see response to Schileo et al. commentary below]
  40. Ren, L., Butler, M., Miller, C., Schwerda, D., Fischer, M. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2008. The movements of limb segments and joints during locomotion in African and Asian elephants. Journal of Experimental Biology 211:2735-2751. pdf and associated files (.zip archive) [see Response to G.S. Paul commentary below]
  41. Miller, C.M., Basu, C., Fritsch, G., Hildebrandt, T. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2008. Ontogenetic scaling of foot musculoskeletal anatomy in elephants. J Roy Soc Interface 5:465-476. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  42. Ren, L. and Hutchinson, J.R.. 2008. The three-dimensional locomotor dynamics of African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants reveal a smooth gait transition at moderate speed. J Roy Soc Interface 5:195–211. pdf and associated files (.zip archive)
  43. Hutchinson, J.R., Ng-Thow-Hing, V. and Anderson, F.C. 2007. A 3D interactive method for estimating body segmental parameters in animals: application to the turning and running performance of Tyrannosaurus rex. Journal of Theoretical Biology 246:660-680. [pdf]
  44. Weissengruber, G.E., Egger, G.F., Hutchinson, J.R., Groenewald, H.B., Elsässer, L., Famini, D. and Forstenpointner, G. 2006. The structure of the cushions in the feet of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). Journal of Anatomy 209:781-792. [pdf]
  45. Hutchinson, J.R., D. Schwerda, D. Famini, R.H.I. Dale, M. Fischer and R. Kram. 2006. The locomotor kinematics of African and Asian elephants: changes with speed and size. Journal of Experimental Biology 209:3812-3827. [pdf]
  46. Hutchinson, J.R. 2006. The evolution of archosaur locomotion. Comptes Rendus Palevol 5:519-530. [pdf]
  47. Carrano, M.T., Hutchinson, J.R. and Sampson, S.D.. 2005. New information on Segisaurus halli, a small theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic of Arizona. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25:835-849. [pdf]
  48. Hutchinson, J.R., Anderson, F.C., Blemker, S. and Delp, S.L. 2005. Analysis of hindlimb muscle moment arms in Tyrannosaurus rex using a three-dimensional musculoskeletal computer model: implications for stance, gait, and speed. Paleobiology 31:676–701. [pdf]
  49. Payne, R.C., Hutchinson, J.R., Robilliard, J.J, Smith, N.C. and A.M. Wilson. 2005. Functional specialization of pelvic limb anatomy in horses (Equus caballus). Journal of Anatomy 206:557-574. [pdf]
  50. Hutchinson, J.R. 2004a. Biomechanical modeling and sensitivity analysis of bipedal running ability. I. Extant taxa. Journal of Morphology 262:421-440. [pdf]
  51. Hutchinson, J.R. 2004b. Biomechanical modeling and sensitivity analysis of bipedal running ability. II. Extinct taxa. Journal of Morphology 262:441-461. [pdf] [cover image]
  52. Hutchinson, J.R., Famini, D., Lair, R. and R. Kram. 2003. Biomechanics: Are fast-moving elephants really running? Nature 422:493-494. (see explanatory webpage here) [pdf]
  53. Hutchinson, J.R. 2003. The evolution of hindlimb tendons and muscles on the line to crown-group birds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 133: 1051-1086. [pdf]
  54. Carrano, M.T. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2002. The pelvic and hind limb musculature of Tyrannosaurus rex (Dinosauria: Theropoda). Journal of Morphology 253:207-228. [pdf]
  55. Hutchinson, J.R. and Garcia, M. 2002. Tyrannosaurus was not a fast runner. Nature 415:1018-1021. [pdf] (see explanatory webpage here and Erratum in Nature 417: 349 [pdf])
  56. Hutchinson, J.R. 2001a. The evolution of pelvic osteology and soft tissues on the line to extant birds (Neornithes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 131:123-168. [pdf]
  57. Hutchinson, J.R. 2001b. The evolution of femoral osteology and soft tissues on the line to extant birds (Neornithes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 131:169-197. [pdf]
  58. Farlow, J.O., Gatesy, S.M., Holtz, T.R., Jr., Hutchinson, J.R. and Robinson, J.M 2000. Theropod locomotion. American Zoologist 40:640-663. [pdf]
  59. Hutchinson, J.R. and Gatesy, S.M. 2000. Adductors, abductors, and the evolution of archosaur locomotion. Paleobiology 26:734-751. [pdf]
  60. Padian, K., Hutchinson, J.R. and Holtz, T.R., Jr .1999. Phylogenetic definitions and nomenclature of the major taxonomic categories of the carnivorous Dinosauria (Theropoda). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19:69-80. [pdf]
  61. Hutchinson, J.R. and L.M. Chiappe. 1998. The first known alvarezsaurid (Theropoda: Aves) from North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18:447-450. [pdf]

Book Entries

  1. Dilkes, D.W., Hutchinson, J.R., Holliday, C.M., Witmer, L.M. 2012. Reconstructing the musculature of dinosaurs. The Complete Dinosaur, 2nd Edition. Indiana University Press, pp. 150-190.
  2. Hutchinson, J.R., Miller, C.E., Fritsch, G. and Hildebrandt, T. 2008. The anatomical foundation for multidisciplinary studies of animal limb function: examples from dinosaur and elephant limb imaging studies. pp. 23-38 in H. Endo and R. Frey (eds.), Anatomical Imaging Techniques: Towards a New Morphology. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. [pdf]
  3. Hutchinson, J.R. 2005. Dinosaur locomotion. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan, London. [pdf]
  4. Hutchinson, J.R. and Gatesy, S.M. 2001. Bipedalism. Enyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan, London. [pdf]
  5. Hutchinson, J.R. and Padian, K. 1997. Arctometatarsalia. pp.24-27 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  6. Padian, K and Hutchinson, J.R. 1997. Bullatosauria. p.86 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  7. Hutchinson, J.R. and Padian, K. 1997. Carnosauria. pp.94-97 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  8. Hutchinson, J.R. and Padian, K. 1997. Coelurosauria. pp.129-133 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  9. Hutchinson, J.R. and Padian, K. 1997. Tetanurae. pp.727-728 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  10. Padian, K. and Hutchinson, J.R. 1997. Allosauroidea. pp.6-9 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York.
  11. Rowe, T., Tykoski, R. and Hutchinson, J.R. 1997. Ceratosauria. pp.106-110 in P.J. Currie and K. Padian (eds.). Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Academic Press, New York

Reports, Responses and Book Reviews

  1. Spence, A.J. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2012. Editorial-- A growing size synthesis. Current Biology 22::R309-R314. (link with full text access)
  2. Hutchinson, J.R., Bates, K.T., Allen, V. 2011. Commentary-- T. rex redux: Tyrannosaurus tail portrayals. Anatomical Record 294:756-758. [pdf]
  3. Zioupos, P., Cook, R.B. and Hutchinson, J.R. 2009. Response: More thoughts on the relationship between apparent and material densities in bone. Journal of Biomechanics 42:794-795. [pdf]
  4. Hutchinson, J.R. 2009. Response: Of ideas, dichotomies, methods, and data- how much do elephant kinematics differ from those of other large animals? Journal of Experimental Biology 212:153-154. [pdf]
  5. Hutchinson, J.R. and Gatesy, S.M. 2006. 'Dinosaur locomotion: Beyond the bones'. Nature 440:292-294. (see explanatory webpage here) [pdf]
  6. Hutchinson, J.R. 2005. The Dinosauria. Second edition. (book review) Journal of Paleontology 79:1235-1238. [pdf]
  7. Hutchinson, J.R. 2002. Mesozoic Vertebrate Life. Palaeontologia Electronica 5(1) (3 pp.) [pdf]
  8. Hutchinson, J.R. 2003. Biomechanics: Early birds surmount steep slopes. Nature 426:777-778. [pdf]

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